Medical Malpractice a Small Portion
of Civil Caseloads
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Among other factors, the structure of a state's court system will influence the proportions of an individual case type that a state reports. For example, in single-tiered systems such as those in Puerto Rico, Iowa, and Minnesota - where all cases are processed in single, general jurisdiction court - medical malpractice represents less than 0.2 percent of total civil caseloads. However, in two-tiered systems, where some of the case types that comprise total civil in a single-tiered system (e.g., small claims) are typically processed in limited jurisdiction courts, the percentage of medical malpractice climbs to over 0.6 percent on average (not shown) and can approach as much as 2.0 percent in some states.